Category Archives: Shapes

Roller painting using cardboard rollers

Roller painting using cardboard rollers

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Themes: Under the ground, shapes, colours, five senses, hands, the sea and water ( use as a water background), transport ( wheels and things that move). This technique can be adapted to be used with many themes buy changing the colour of the paint or the shape of the paper. Example: Autumn leaves cut from orange, yellow and red rolled paper.

You will need:

  • Firm cardboard rollers
  • Paper
  • Paint – 2 or 3 colours and white
  • Teaspoons

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The children really enjoyed this activity especially the boys. I did the activity with the 4-6 year olds but with a small group and supervision the 3-4 year olds would manage this activity too. This is an excellent gross motor painting activity strengthening the fingers at the same time, It is important that you use firm cardboard rolls otherwise they will flatten when you roll them and disintegrate with the paint wetting the cardboard.

I found it worked best to drop blobs of paint on the paper using the teaspoons.

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Then roll the cylinders through the paint adding more as you need.  DSCN4829

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Be aware of your children who are excessive with paint as they tend to make the paper very wet with too much paint. Initially I thought it would be effective for the children to roll the cylinders in paint on flat plates but it was clumsy, so I switched to dropping blobs of paint instead. We were creating paper to cut seaweed for an under water display so I chose to use greens, blues and I added white which created a lovely effect of light and dark colours.

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Seaweed display using the painted paper

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Using the paper for pretend sea with plastic dolphins

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Subject: Life Skills 
Study area: Creative arts
Create in 2D
• Drawing and painting using the week’s topic
• Painting: use pre-mixed tempera paint or coloured inks or dyes in primary and secondary colours to respond to the week’s topic
•  Simple printmaking techniques to create informal pattern
•  Use colour to create pattern

Create in 3D (constructing)
• Fine-motor and sensory co-ordination: (eye-hand-mind) manipulation of scissors and other tools and equipment.
•  Encourage development of skills through manipulation of the materials

Integration: Subject: Home language
Skill: Handwriting
• Uses a range of writing tools e.g. paint brushes, wax crayons etc.
• Develops eye- hand co-ordination through play e.g. drawing and painting

 

Paper plate boats

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This child wanted me in the boat too so I drew a picture of myself

This activity is suitable for a variety of themes: Boats, water transport, things that float, floating and sinking, shapes, fish and the beach and the sea.

Note: Before you present this activity to the children please do a clear demonstration to the children either in mat time or around the art table. Talk about the shapes and where they should be positioned to create a boat using vocabulary such as; next to, on top, underneath and talk about big and small triangles  Then leave the children to create their own boats so you can do assessment. Resist the temptation to intervene and correct the boats.
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I set out half a paper plate (small works best) or a half circle of light weight cardboard, a wooden sucker stick or piece of card, some triangle shapes in different sizes and colours either white or coloured, glue and glue brushes and A 3 size paper if possible

At a separate table set out the wax crayons and scissors to draw a picture of themselves, cut it out and attach it to the boat. Encourage the children to draw fish and birds and other sea creatures. Suggest that they draw patterns on the sails of the boat although many children chose to paint theirs.
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In another area either on the floor or on a table set out some paint. Make the blue paint thin so the wax crayon fish will shine through like a colour wash.
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Assessment:
Did the learner follow instructions

  • Is the boat orientated correctly on the page
  • Does the end product resemble a boat
  • Has the learner added details to the collage
  • Has the learner used the materials with restraint
  • Which hand did the learner use while drawing, cutting and painting
  • Could the learner share materials

An interesting orientation
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Notes

  • Due to the way the art area is set up at the school I work at in New Zealand, the different activities used to create this collage are all on the same table. This results in the children following their own ideas more so than if the different components are separated. We also do not have a specific mat time to discuss the art activity and since I am a reliever I have to work around these limitations. I prefer the way the SA system works and you end up with more learning taking place and a pleasing art outcome
  • Encourage the children to place the glue on the sucker stick and the paper sails and paper plate as opposed to pasting glue to the page in the general area.
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  • Set out small pieces of paper to draw themselves otherwise the people come out a bit big
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  • Larger paper is easier for the children to plan their picture and fit it all in
  • 3 year olds need a fair amount of help to create a boat. Then allow them to be creative and complete it in their own wayCAPS outcomes

Subject: Life Skills   Study area: Creative arts
Create in 2D
Drawing and painting using the week’s topic • Draw and give own interpretation to drawings using the week’s topic using wax crayon, oil pastels and other drawing media • Painting: use pre-mixed tempera paint or coloured inks or dyes in primary and secondary colours to respond to the week’s topic

Create in 3D (constructing) • Fine-motor and sensory co-ordination: (eye-hand-mind) manipulation of scissors and other tools and equipment. • Encourage development of skills through manipulation of the materials
Create freely using a range of materials: small boxes, recyclable materials like buttons, egg boxes, cardboard off-cuts, and other

Craft skills and techniques: cutting, pasting, tearing • Develop craft skills and fine motor control

• Art extra’s • Art elements: informal experience and use of shape in drawing and painting •  Variation of paper size and format: encourage working in different scales • Informal use of art elements shape and colour in drawing and painting in response to week’s topic

Visual Literacy • Naming shape in own work • Looking at and talking about book illustrations: naming shape and colour in book illustrations, • Looking at and talking about colour and shape in pictures and photographs • Responding to questions to show awareness of colour and shape • More specific naming of colour and shape (light and dark colour, simple geometric shapes) through answering questions

Sea and beach theme/topic ideas

Collage an underwater fish scene with a wave background
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Themes: Sea, sea and beach, fish, water, water animals, shapes

Background waves
Create the background first. Cut some wave combs from plastic milk bottles ( cut them open and use the plastic). Using thick blue paint – ready mixed, powder or finger paint are all effective but adding some glue to thicken powder paints and help adhere the fish is necessary. The children spread the paint over a large sheet of paper using a thick brush or their hands. Once the page is covered they use the combs and drag  them through the paint creating wave patterns. The children continue until they are happy with their background.
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Then add the fish. NOTE: If you want to draw patterns on the fish it is best done before the fish are pasted to the background.

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I cut a variety of oval and triangle shaped pieces of coloured paper or lightweight cardboard. The children create fish from oval and triangle paper shapes which the children select and arrange on the wet wave background. As you can see from the many different end products some children added one fish, while others filled their page with fish. Since this activity was done with a mixed age range of children (31/2 to 5 year old) some of the fish were not as well constructed as they could be, but this shows you how the activity can work with the different age ranges. Note that I have not corrected the fish as this is a valuable assessment tool.

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3 1/2 year old. These two pictures have been done by the same child. She was a lot more controlled in her first picture

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Some children lack self-control and are excessive

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5 year old

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4 year old

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5 year old

Notes

  • When I work solely with the younger children I cut the fish shapes with the tail as one shape. For Grade R children they can be encouraged to cut their own fish shapes and decorate them with writing patterns before they paste them to the wave background.
  • If you are using finger paint have a bucket of water and a towel close by
  • If you are working with a younger age group do not place scissors on the table. All your shapes will be cut into little pieces
  • The activity can be extended for the older learner by adding a sand base and crinkle paper seaweed
  • Dry the art works on a flat surface

Life Skills   Study area: Creative arts
Create in 2D

• Drawing and painting using the week’s topic
• Painting: use pre-mixed tempera paint or coloured inks or dyes in primary and secondary colours to respond to the week’s topic

Create in 3D (constructing)
• Fine-motor and sensory co-ordination: (eye-hand-mind) manipulation of scissors and other tools and equipment.

Integration: Subject: Home language Skill: Handwriting
• Uses a range of writing tools e.g. paint brushes, wax crayons etc.
•  Develops eye- hand co-ordination through play e.g. drawing and painting

Sponge pictures – painting

The children had lots of fun creating art works using thin sponge cut into geometric and other shapes.
TIP: Make sure the children use plenty of glue to secure the shapes to the paper.

Here are some of their creations. The younger children just pasted the shapes in a random way while the older children created people, fish and spaceships.

        

One child decided to use the materials in a very different way! He spent ages painting and painting some more until his page and sponge shapes were completely saturated in paint. Then he ‘squeezed’ the sponge shapes and enjoyed watching the paint drip from them. Not quite what I had in mind, but a sensory activity for him which he enjoyed. He is 3 and 1/2 years old.

 

Themes: Myself, transport, space, autumn(cut leaf shapes), fish, shapes. This activity can be applied to many other themes too.

Perceptual skills:
Planning, perseverance, small muscle development, position in space

CAPS:Outcomes
Subject: Life Skills
Study area: Creative arts
Create in 2D
• Drawing and painting using the week’s topic
• Painting: use pre-mixed tempera paint or coloured inks or dyes in primary and secondary colours to respond to the week’s topic
Create in 3D (constructing)
• Fine-motor and sensory co-ordination: (eye-hand-mind) manipulation of scissors and other tools and equipment.
• Encourage development of skills through manipulation of the materials
• Create freely using a range of materials: Sponge and paint
Art elements: informal experience and use of shape in drawing and painting

Plastic egg painting – to create 3D eggs

Easter eggs made from paper created by egg rolling instead of marble rolling and stuffed with crumpled paper
Suitable for 21/2 years upwards

Purchase some plastic Easter eggs. I did not glue the eggs together but if I did it again I would, as many of the children kept opening the eggs. It was difficult to clip them together again as they were slippery from the paint.

Set out some paint in flat containers, and place a piece of paper into a box lid or shoe box.
Note: Test this activity before you give it to the children. The glitter paint which I thought would give a nice sparkle to the eggs was too sticky and the eggs did not want to roll in the box. I solved it by adding water to the paint.

The children placed the eggs covered in paint onto their paper, carefully rolled the eggs around creating patterns on the paper. Once all the paint is used up, they redip the eggs into some paint and repeat the activity until the page is well covered.


Once dry, I placed two pages together with the patterns on the outside, I drew a large egg shape on one side, stapled the eggs together inside the egg outline leaving a small opening for the children to stuff the eggs with crumpled pieces of paper.

Once stuffed, I stapled the hole closed and we displayed the eggs.


Themes:
Easter
Shapes – oval
Farm animals -chickens and eggs

Easter Egg Mobile – Collage

Easter egg collage to create an egg mobile

The children were given an oval shaped piece of coloured card. Older learners can do their own cutting to cut them out.

I cut several strips of coloured paper using ‘zig-zag’ scissors (inexpensive to buy from supermarkets and stationary shops)

I set out a variety of collage materials including pieces of shiny paper, glitter, pom poms, coloured sucker sticks, wooden beads, coloured matchsticks and coloured pipe cleaners. Any collage material will be effective.

The children collaged their eggs.

Some chose to create a face on their easter egg.

I dispalyed them as a mobile hanging off a plastic coathanger. I secured two eggs together so the mobile was attractive from both sides.

A different collage idea – using craft double-sided tape.

 The children were given small pieces of the double sided tape to adhere to their egg shaped coloured card.

Once several pieces were secured, the children pulled off the top paper to expose the sticky tape underneath. (Great for fine motor)  They sprinkled shiny paper confetti pieces onto the sticky tape and created shiny eggs. Some children chose to stick small coloured foam shapes to their eggs too (blue flower). These foam shapes also come in bunny shapes and Easter egg shapes.

TIP: I tried this with the 2- 31/2 year olds. They did manage, but you will need to keep the group small. I think it would be a really good activity for the older age group. I also kept the tape safely in my hands, otherwise little fingers just love to pull off lots of long pieces which get muddled up and stuck to everything except  the paper!

Themes:
Easter
My body (face)
Shapes: Oval
Farm animals – eggs (add crushed egg shells as your main collage material)

Easter chick – creative activity

Easter chick – Cut and paste

For the wings:

  •  let the learners trace their hands and colour or
  • collage the wings – small feathers would be effective- or
  • use cut- out hand prints.

This activity can be applied to other themes.

Some suggestions are:

  • Farm animals – chickens
  • Easter
  • Colours – yellow
  • Shapes – oval
  • Birds – domestic birds

Group display

Display the chicks on a window. The children helped to paint the grass. Add some painted Easter eggs in the grass for fun.